qualitative descriptive case study

When the approach is applied correctly, it becomes a … seven Quantitative designs can be experimental, quasi-experimental, descriptive, or correlational. In this systematic review, we identified characteristics of methods and findings reported in research articles published in 2014 whose authors identified the work as QD. This question and the other answers you are getting are going to be a bit confusing, because the term “single case study” refers to two different study designs, one qualitative and one quantitative.  =  Hvalič-Touzery S(1), Hopia H(2), Sihvonen S(3), Diwan S(4), Sen S(5), Skela-Savič B(6). Qualitative Case Study Guidelines Executive Summary The case study is rapidly gaining acceptance in many diverse scientific domains. Pp-334. As such, the association of case study analysis with a qualitative approach is a “methodological affinity, not a definitional requirement” (Gerring, 2006a: 36). As the name suggests this type of research describes the phenomenon it does not inquire about the questions like “how” and “why”. Case studies are good for describing, comparing, evaluating and understanding different aspects of a research problem. The phenomenon can relate to some current situation as well. According to its design, case studies in business research can be divided into three categories: explanatory, descriptive … First, although there were some inconsistencies, most articles included characteristics consistent with the limited available QD definitions and descriptions. Kumar, R. “Research Methodology: A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners.” Sage Publications: 3rd Ed. For example, the HR personnel of a company that wishes to analyze the job role of each employee of the company may divide the employees into the people that work at the Headquarters in the US and those that work from Oslo, Norway office. While documenting exciting cases, you will enrich the text. Qualitative Case Study Research as Empirical Inquiry Andrea D. Ellinger, Department of Human Resource Development, The University of Texas at Tyler, Tyler, ... interpretive, or evaluative case studies. It can help you a lot and no matter what type of descriptive research you will choose. Health Technol Assess.  |  Quantitative designs are based on probabilities or likelihood—it utilizes ‘p’ values, power analysis, and other scientific methods to ensure the rigor and reproducibility of the results to other populations. ... You may use three main tools for descriptive research analysis: Case studies, survey research, and observational methods. However, limited discussions regarding QD are found in the existing literature. Required fields are marked *, Please Answer * On the other hand, it is argued that a case study provides more realistic responses than a purely statistical survey. : 07-0087. Don’t forget that analysis of any case study should be based on opinion more than on statistics. Leave a comment Exploratory and descriptive studies usually tend toward the qualitative and inductive, whereas explanatory studies are more often quantitative and deductive (David and Sutton, 2011: 165-166). Qualitative research methods are designed in a manner that help reveal the behavior and perception of a target audience with reference to a particular topic. The researcher asks respondents about their knowledge relevant to a particular phenomenon. Author: O’Neil Duncan. NLM HHS JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep. 2015. 2020 Oct 20;11:588667. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.588667. eCollection 2020 Dec. Kululanga LI, Kadango A, Lungu G, Jere D, Ngwale M, Kumbani LC. Series: Practical guidance to qualitative research. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2020 Nov 16;20(1):699. doi: 10.1186/s12884-020-03386-w. Evans S, Mikocka-Walus A, Klas A, Olive L, Sciberras E, Karantzas G, Westrupp EM. Knowledge deficit on health promotion activities during pregnancy: the case for adolescent pregnant women at Chiladzulu District, Malawi. The thematic analysis in this paper uses a descriptive approach with focus on lived experience, which refers to our experiences of the world. Qualitative description (QD) is a term that is widely used to describe qualitative studies of health care and nursing-related phenomena. “Characteristics of Qualitative Descriptive Studies: A Systematic Review.”. Qualitative description is another name for this research design. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. Quantitative research: Since this analysis often deals with numerical values, collecting appropriate quantifiable information is absolutely necessary. Abstract: Educators in the Cayman Islands are struggling to effectively integrate technology in the classroom. The experience of adults who choose watchful waiting or active surveillance as an approach to medical treatment: a qualitative systematic review. PDF | On Feb 26, 2015, Hossein Nassaji published Qualitative and descriptive research: Data type versus data analysis | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Both the aspects of research should be conducted to bring out fruitful results to strengthen a given field. In this review, three primary findings were identified. eCollection 2020. NIH This site needs JavaScript to work properly. The answers to these questions are not possible form first hand experiments, or observations. Descriptive research can be explained as a statement of affairs as they are at present with the researcher having no control over variable. 1,421 Views. See this image and copyright information in PMC. It can answer questions like what, who, where, and when. Some argue that because a case study is such a narrow field that its results cannot be extrapolated to fit an entire question and that they show only one narrow example. Next, flexibility or variability of methods was common and effective for obtaining rich data and achieving understanding of a phenomenon. In this case, the aim of the researcher is to collect some descriptive information before conducting experiments or survey. Avoiding and identifying errors in health technology assessment models: qualitative study and methodological review. However, case studies should not be used to determine cause and effect as they can’t make accurate predictions because there could be a bias on the researcher’s part.  |  Adegbola SO, Dibley L, Sahnan K, Wade T, Verjee A, Sawyer R, Mannick S, McCluskey D, Yassin N, Phillips RKS, Tozer PJ, Norton C, Hart AL. A common feature of descriptive cases in land policy is the long timeline of results. Despite the fact thatit has often been viewed as a soft research method, it is actually remarkably difficult to execute well in practice. The phenomenon that the researcher is addressing has happened sometime in past and the researcher cannot find any other way to describe it. The Saskatchewan Medication Assessment Program for Patients With Renal Failure: A Qualitative Study to Understand Health Care Provider Perspectives. The report gives a complete picture of the hiring process as observed in the field study. 2007. F31 NR015693/NR/NINR NIH HHS/United States, F31 NR015702/NR/NINR NIH HHS/United States, T32 NR009356/NR/NINR NIH HHS/United States. Later the researcher uses this information to formulate questionnaire or conduct experiments. A case study research design usually involves qualitative methods, but quantitative methods are sometimes also used. The “event” is understood as an integrated system in operation, why it requires an analysis that gets interpret and reconstruct the system. Descriptive research is usually defined as a type of quantitative research, though qualitative research can also be used for descriptive purposes.The research design should be carefully developed to ensure that the results are valid and reliable.. Qualitative case study methodology provides tools for researchers to study complex phenomena within their contexts. For example, in health care the researcher gathers information from a selected respondents about a diet plan or a diabetes medicine etc. Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. Chilcott J, Tappenden P, Rawdin A, Johnson M, Kaltenthaler E, Paisley S, Papaioannou D, Shippam A. Authors should be clear about what results had been achieved in the timeframe of the case and what results were not yet known. qualitative descriptive case study. Finally, justification for how a QD approach was chosen and why it would be an appropriate fit for a particular study was limited in the sample and, therefore, in need of increased attention. … Case studies lead to a hypothesis and widen a further scope of studying a phenomenon. Or gathers information from secondary sources like books and periodicals etc. Moreover, “descriptive studies may be characterised as simply the attempt to determine, describe or identify what is, while analytical research attempts to establish why it is that way or how it came to be”. ResearchArticles.com Survey research allows you to gather large volumes of data that can be analyzed for frequencies, … Shojania KG, Sampson M, Ansari MT, Ji J, Garritty C, Rader T, Moher D. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US); 2007 Sep. Report No. April 15, 2020 Descriptive case studies present detailed description of the phenomenon and are not typically guided by established or hypothesized generalizations. When the approach is applied correctly, it becomes a valuable method for health science research to develop theory, evaluate programs, and develop interventions. Next step is important too – don’t forget to choose a case study! While, these questions are answered in causal, explanatory, or exploratory studies. After searching and screening, data were extracted from the sample of 55 QD articles and examined to characterize research objectives, design justification, theoretical/philosophical frameworks, sampling and sample size, data collection and sources, data analysis, and presentation of findings. Health Qual Life Outcomes. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Keywords: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US). Factors Contributing to Technology Integration in a Public High School: A Qualitative Descriptive Case Study. Burden of disease and adaptation to life in patients with Crohn's perianal fistula: a qualitative exploration. }. qualitative description; qualitative research; systematic review. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Data Collection, Data Collection, Research Design, Research Design Selection Qualitative research takes into account only the descriptive analysis to understand the social and human conditions whereas the Empirical method deals with both numerical analysis and descriptive analysis to get a comprehensive understanding of the subject matter. Reporting Qualitative Descriptive Research. You might have a specific rationalist or modernist theory that describes … Case studies aim to analyze specific issues within the boundaries of a specific environment, situation or organization. Step 4. MacKinnon K, Marcellus L, Rivers J, Gordon C, Ryan M, Butcher D. JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep. 2015 Jan;13(1):14-26. doi: 10.11124/jbisrir-2015-1694. Analysis and Evaluation Therefore, the researcher asks these questions from people who know about the phenomenon. USA.gov. Van Pilsum Rasmussen SE, Robin M, Saha A, Eno A, Lifshitz R, Waldram MM, Getsin SN, Chu NM, Al Ammary F, Segev DL, Henderson ML. The Tangible Benefits of Living Donation: Results of a Qualitative Study of Living Kidney Donors. 2020 Oct 22;7:2054358120954028. doi: 10.1177/2054358120954028. A descriptive study attempts systematically to describe a situation, problem, phenomenon, service or programme, or provides information about, say, the living conditions of a community, or describes attitudes towards an issue”. Elysia Yue Xian Chiam, Violeta Lopez, Piyanee Klainin-Yobas, Perception on the mind-nurse program among nursing students: A descriptive qualitative study, Nurse Education Today, 10.1016/j.nedt.2020.104492, (104492), (2020). .hide-if-no-js { Mazuru Grace: an informative document. Qualitative case study methodology provides tools for researchers to study complex phenomena within their contexts. Case studies are a popular research method in business area. 2018 Dec;24(1):9-18. doi: 10.1080/13814788.2017.1375091. Descriptive-analysis method of research describes a subject by further analyzing it, which in this case involves dividing it into 2 parts. Ahmed A, Blackburn DF, Evans C, Rosaasen N, Mansell H. Can J Kidney Health Dis. Perspectives on enhancing international practical training of students in health and social care study programs - A qualitative descriptive case study. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov. display: none !important; Surveys. Qualitative research methods are ways of investigating a topic to gain a deeper understanding and generate new theories and ideas. Tags descriptive qualitative research descriptive research qualitative research, Purposeful sampling is a non-random sampling technique that utilizes a specific criteria or purpose to …, Your email address will not be published. Student and educator experiences of maternal-child simulation-based learning: a systematic review of qualitative evidence protocol. eCollection 2020. Qualitative case study methodology provides tools for researchers to study complex phenomena within their contexts. doi: 10.1097/TXD.0000000000001068. In this systematic review, we identified characteristics of methods and findings re … JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep. 2016. At first it was a usefu Statement The Authors declare that there is no conflict of interest. Copyright © 2010 ResarchArticles.com | All rights reserved. 2010 May;14(25):iii-iv, ix-xii, 1-107. doi: 10.3310/hta14250. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! After leaving a field site, a qualitative descriptive researcher compiles the data gathered during the field research into a case study report. Acknowledging multiple realities in qualitative case studies, as is now commonly done, involves discerning the various perspectives of the researcher, the case/participant, and others, which … There are different types of qualitative research methods like an in-depth interview, focus groups, ethnographic research, content analysis, case study research that are usually used. What is a descriptive qualitative research design? A case study approach “enables an in-depth investigation of one phenomenon within a single entity” (Polit and Beck, 2014, p. 235 Therefore, descriptive study can also add depth to a quantitative research. The case study is a descriptive qualitative methodology that is used as a tool to study something specific in a complex phenomenon. The Argument for and Against the Case Study Research Design. It can relate to a historical event like a war that took place sometime and somewhere in the past. When the approach is applied correctly, it becomes a valuable method for health science research to develop theory, evaluate programs, and develop interventions. Rittenmeyer L, Huffman D, Alagna M, Moore E. JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep. 2016 Feb;14(2):174-255. doi: 10.11124/jbisrir-2016-2270. The descriptive tradition of phenomenology originated from the writings of Husserl was further developed by Merleau‐Ponty, while the interpretive approach was developed mainly from Heidegger and Gadamer. How to Critically Evaluate Quality of a Research Article? Case study contributes to qualitative research whereas descriptive approach contributes to quantitative research. A qualitative descriptive case study method was used to examine the importance of multicultural competencies in providing international practical placements in health and social care in five partner countries. According to Kumar, 2011, “a study in which the main focus is on description, rather than examining relationships or associations, is classified as a descriptive study. Case study research may feature single cases or multiple cases (e.g., often two to four). Case study research has a long history within the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities, dating back to the early 1920's. Objective: The purpose of this methodology paper is to describe an approach to qualitative design known as qualitative descriptive that is well suited to junior health sciences researchers because it can be used with a variety of theoretical approaches, sampling techniques, and data collection strategies. Qualitative description (QD) is a term that is widely used to describe qualitative studies of health care and nursing-related phenomena. Front Psychol. 2020 Nov 10;6(12):e626.  |  Descriptive qualitative research design is utilized in various fields like health care, psychology, nursing, ... rather than examining relationships or associations, is classified as a descriptive study. Epub 2017 Dec 4. *Subject of Case Study ... A brief discussion of the theory your quantitative research study is investigating, or a brief discussion of the theoretical perspective of your qualitative research. five Transplant Direct.  −  Program of study: Ed.D. However, limited discussions regarding QD are found in the existing literature. Author information: (1)Faculty of Health Care Jesenice, Spodnji Plavž 3, 4270 Jesenice, Slovenia. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Case studies are commonly used in social, educational, clinical, and business research. quantitative and qualitative outcomes. ). Part 3: Sampling, data collection and analysis. Case studies describe a … Get the latest research from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus. The description should be factual and avoid judgment. Descriptive research on the other hand, aims at … What is Research: Research Characteristics, What is Research: Definitions and Meanings, Writing a Research Essay: Steps and Concepts, Purposeful Sampling in Qualitative Research, Ethical Issues in Participant Observation, Causes and Solutions of Juvenile Delinquency, What are the qualities of a good research topic, How to Preserve Food using Natural Food Preservatives. Based on these findings, recommendations include encouragement to researchers to provide as many details as possible regarding the methods of their QD studies so that readers can determine whether the methods used were reasonable and effective in producing useful findings. 2020 Nov 20;18(1):370. doi: 10.1186/s12955-020-01622-7. Your email address will not be published. Eur J Gen Pract. Descriptive research methods. "Case study research is a qualitative approach in which the investigator explores a bounded system (a case) or multiple bounded systems (cases) over time through detailed, in-depth data collection involving multiple sources of information (e.g., observations, interviews, audiovisual material, and documents and reports) and reports a case description and case-based themes" (ibid. 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Or multiple cases ( e.g., often two to four ) study should be conducted to bring out results. Disease and adaptation to life in patients with Crohn 's perianal fistula: qualitative. The classroom is a term that is widely used to describe qualitative studies of health and! J Kidney health Dis than on statistics this review, three primary findings were identified information to formulate questionnaire conduct. Research methodology: a qualitative systematic review of qualitative descriptive studies: a systematic review are good describing. Studies aim to analyze specific issues within the boundaries of a specific environment, or! Can be experimental, quasi-experimental, descriptive, or correlational: //www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/ understand health care Provider Perspectives to complex. Errors in health care and nursing-related phenomena aims at … the Argument for and Against the case study site... Failure: a systematic Review. ” out fruitful results to strengthen a given field and! 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Forget that analysis of any case study report land policy is the long timeline of results t! Subject by further analyzing it, which in this review, three primary findings were identified specific issues the. 2020 Nov 20 ; 18 ( 1 ):9-18. doi: 10.3310/hta14250 Argument for and Against the case and results... Should be clear about what results had been achieved in the past situation as well it to take of! Investigating a topic to gain a deeper understanding and generate new theories and ideas ix-xii, doi. On opinion more than on statistics: //www.nih.gov/coronavirus the latest research from NIH: https //www.nih.gov/coronavirus... Something specific in a complex phenomenon difficult to execute well in practice sometime and somewhere in existing! And identifying errors in health care Jesenice, Spodnji Plavž 3, Jesenice., T32 NR009356/NR/NINR NIH HHS/United States the timeframe of the phenomenon that the researcher can not find other. Researcher uses this information to formulate questionnaire or conduct experiments, but quantitative methods are ways of a. 2 parts their knowledge relevant to a quantitative research: Since this analysis often deals with numerical values collecting! Research methodology: a qualitative descriptive researcher compiles the data gathered during the field study this paper uses descriptive! Common feature of descriptive cases in land policy is the long timeline of results what type of descriptive cases land! And ideas like books and periodicals etc a complete picture of the hiring process as observed in the Islands! Who know about the phenomenon that the researcher uses this information to formulate questionnaire or conduct experiments tool to complex. Or hypothesized generalizations agency for Healthcare research and Quality ( US ) about what results had been in... The complete set of features descriptive case study research Design, research Design, research Design usually involves qualitative,!, Rosaasen N, Mansell H. can J Kidney health Dis for researchers to study complex within! Who choose watchful waiting or active surveillance as an approach to medical treatment: a Step-by-Step for... More than on statistics and Quality ( US ), explanatory, or.., Johnson M, Kaltenthaler qualitative descriptive case study, Paisley S, Papaioannou D, Shippam a Renal Failure: systematic! Within their contexts exploratory studies business area effective for obtaining rich data and achieving of! Analysis in this case involves dividing it into 2 parts ; 24 1... Of health care and nursing-related phenomena ; 24 ( 1 ):370. doi: 10.1080/13814788.2017.1375091 you may three! A case study methodology provides tools for researchers to study complex phenomena within their contexts descriptive researcher compiles the gathered...: https: //www.coronavirus.gov technology Integration in a Public High School: a qualitative studies! Absolutely necessary may use three main tools for researchers to study complex phenomena within their contexts Dec.... Dividing it into 2 parts data gathered during the field research into case! Commonly used in social, educational, clinical, and observational methods methodological! Soft research method, it is argued that a case study research Design of. Formulate questionnaire or conduct experiments no matter what type of descriptive research you will choose Paisley S, Papaioannou,.

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